But where is the inclusivity when it comes to the tanning industry?
By: Nateisha Scott
When we consider the beauty industry in its entirety, we have to admit that it’s come a long way in regard to inclusivity and shade ranges. Looking at foundation options as a woman of colour, we are now able to shop with a certain level of confidence as opposed to years prior (thank you, Rihanna and Fenty Beauty, for setting that bar high). We’re also able to source afro-specialist salons and stylists to care for and style our hair, but when it comes to self-tanning, there is still a fair amount of unspoken mystery.
Despite the colourism that still exists within the Black community, as a woman of colour, I love to (safely) tan for a multitude of reasons—to even out my skin tone, to diminish any dullness, and to create a bronzed, radiant finish. So why, as a Black woman, is tanning still seen as a cultural and social taboo?
According to reports, the self-tanning market was valued at $1.47 billion in 2018 and is projected to ascend at a compound annual growth rate of 5.9 percent between 2019 and 2025. Clearly, I’m not the only one who is a fan of a bronzed finish; however, if you take a deep dive into the industry’s marketing and representation, some brands still fall short when taking all skin tones into consideration.
One would hope, in the wake of Black Lives Matter and the #pulluporshutup campaign, that brands would be more aware of this disparity. While scrolling through numerous brands’ social media outlets, there are still plenty of traditional marketing strategies in play with very few women of color (including dark-skinned women) being represented.
According to Mark Elrick, founder of Tan Luxe, there is “complacency and a lack of representation from the ground up across the beauty industry as a whole. It’s not something that happens overnight. This sustained change is now something that every brand needs to be looking for and acting on.” As Black consumers, we all see who the majority of self-tan products are marketed towards, with many touting “dark to deep” results for fair skin. So where do “dark”-skinned women fit in?
As Amanda Harrington, A-list tanning consultant to celebrities such as Dua Lipa and Jennifer Aniston, points out, “The tanning market is targeted towards Caucasian skin because most brands use the colour guides ‘light/medium/dark’ when referring to the different shades in their ranges, rather than focusing on undertone.” If there was more understanding around skin undertone, that would mean self-tanning technology could focus less on making the skin as dark as possible (with little nuance of colour) and instead offer more options for increased radiance and a natural-looking bronzed effect across the spectrum of skin hues.
Brands that focus solely on achieving a darker pigment for fairer skin tones, regardless of undertones, fail to offer products that work on Black and brown skin—which result in an orange or grey tint when applied. “It’s all about the base colours of the tints, rather than just increasing the percentage of DHA (tanning agent) to make you the darkest possible colour,” says Harrinton. “It’s not about taking women three shades darker—it’s about adding warmth, emphasizing and enriching what you already have, and giving you a glow.”
Elrick elaborates: “We’ve never really bought into the transformational element of tanning as a brand, [with] intense before-and-after images. We believe that self-tan should be about enhancing and enriching your own natural skin tone with customizable, tailor-made formulations. We don’t want to mask or cover—it’s about [looking] glowy and feeling good.”
When it comes to tanning as a woman of colour, the Black community can be notorious for shaming anyone who enjoys using self-tan products. But what many fail to understand—and what the mass market often misses—is that despite having “black” skin, our skin tone isn’t even. For many men and women of colour, we tan in order to even out our complexions, eradicate any areas of greyness or ashiness, as well as target any pigmentation issues and create a luminous glow. Tanning expert and founder of his eponymous tanning product line James Read shares that “beauty is for everyone, and it’s important as a world [that] we recognize this. As a brand founder, I have always created products for all—a product that enhances anyone’s natural beauty and gives everyone that added confidence.”
As women of colour, we no longer have to be afraid of self-tanners, as there are more and more options on the market that are suitable for darker skin tones. There’s also the concept of “transparent tanning,” a term coined by the popular brand Tan Luxe, which doesn’t utilize the colour guide that many traditional tanning brands adhere to (despite the limitations these synthetic dyes have when it comes to Black and brown skin).
“These synthetic dyes have been shown to break down tanning actives and cause streaking, uneven fading, clogged pores, and skin dehydration,” says Elrick. “I’d recommend to anyone trying self-tanning to steer clear of a colour guide format [in order to achieve] results that are cleaner in both formulation and application.” Approaching tanning with a skin-first mindset—as opposed to an outdated colour guide—is one way in which the industry can be inclusive to all.
And for anyone new to the self-tanning process, A-list tanner Read has a few pointers to ensure your application is as seamless and natural-looking as possible. “Remember the golden rules before tanning: exfoliate, wax, and shave. After you have tanned, moisturize daily to help prolong your [colour]. With the face, go for a hydrating product or gradual tan—this will add extra warmth and evens out the skin tone.”
VIVID HYDRO SELF TAN WATER
“[This is] super hydrating and gives a nice glow. I highly recommend this for women of colour. Water self-tans are great as they are quick, hydrating, and easy to apply.”
TAN BOOSTER FOAM
“A non-drip, lightweight, ultra moisturizing Tan Booster foam to boost colour and skin hydration results from your self tan. Tan Booster Foam replenishes skin hydration with ultra moisturizing jojoba oil, avocado oil and coconut oil, for longer lasting, deeper colour results. Give your tan a boost each day as part of your post tanning aftercare routine.”
BLUE BLACK COLOR BASE SELF TAN FOAM
“Inspired by the hair colour, Blue Black delivers a dark, sultry look with a cool edge. The ultra reflective tones in Blue Black cools down warmer tones and captures the light, reflecting it for a bold brightening effect. Blue Black gives you a deep, rich super dark brown skin finish with cool undertones for a dramatic look you can take from day to night. This easy to apply, streak free and self adjusting formula ensures a seamless application every time.”
TOTAL COVER FULL BODY SKIN PERFECTOR (MEDIUM/DARK)
“This full body skin perfector can be used to even out skin tone and blend away skin imperfections. Enriched with a touch of gradual tan to leave skin with a picture perfect subtle bronzed glow. Like a full-body concealer, this skin-finishing perfector bathes skin in blurring radiance that illuminates skin from neck to toes.”